Large-sized Fruit-bearing Trees

Health benefits of fruits

Fruits contain large amounts of vitamins and sugars which are beneficial to the body and contribute to longevity. People who eat more fruits as part of an overall healthy diet are likely to have a reduced risk of some chronic diseases. Fruits provide nutrients vital for health and maintenance of the body. Fruits are sources of many essential nutrients , including potassium, dietary fiber, vitamin C, and folic acid. People with stomach and liver problems should peel the fruits or eat them as compotes and jams.
After many scientific researches experts point out that a diet rich in fruits as part of an overall health diet may reduce risk for heart disease, including heart attack and stroke.

PEAR TREE

axladia

Pears contain many sulfurphosphate salts and vitamins which is why it is highly recommended to be consumed by children. They are considered as diuretics and especially their skins which can be used to make beverages.

Scientific Name: PYRUS COMMUNIS

Family: Rosaceae

Common name: Pear tree

APPLE TREE

milia

Apples are rich in sour salts, celluloses, pectins and vitamins. As fresh fruits they are very tonic for the body. It also has many inflammatory properties. The apple beverage (boiled broth) is also refreshing and therapeutic for kidney diseases.

Scientific name: MALUS COMMUNIS

Family: Rosaceae

Common name: Apple tree

PEACH TREE

rodakinia

Peaches are delicious, aromatic ,easily digestible fruits and their juice is very refreshing. They contain many sugar, phosphate salts, trace nutrients and vitamins. Peaches ,when they are fully ripe, can be consumed by patients with simple stomach disorders. They also help prevent respiratory diseases (bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, etc). They are also recommended against arthritis, constipation, diseases of the liver, etc.

Scientific name: PRUNUS PERSICA

Family: Rosaceae

Common name: Peach tree

CHERRY TREE

kerasia

Cherries compared with other fruits have higher percentage of fat, sugar, salt and vitamins. They are fruits with a pleasant flavor, sweet, fragrant and digestible. They can be dried and canned. Cherries are considered suitable fruits against constipation. The French say that they are the best fruit on earth that cleanse the stomach, renew the blood and can remove the stone from the kidneys.

Scientific name: PRUNUS AVIUM

Family: Rosaceae

Common name: Cherry tree

APRICOT TREE

rodakinia

The apricot compote considered extremely tonic, are excellent source of vitamin A in the form of beta-carotene, and helps maintaining good vision. They are also very good source of vitamin C, which is known for its regenerative properties and the absorption of iron. The apricots are a good source of minerals such as potassium, iron, zinc, calcium and manganese. The benefits are many due to the existence of these elements as they help maintaning a healthy heart and bones and proper brain function. Appricots can also reduce the risk of anemia. The containing zeaxanthin has strong antioxidant and anti-aging effect and this results to help the body’s defenses. Apricots offer a high percentage of fiber, which has multiple benefits to the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal system (for example, reduce constipation). Apricots contain no cholesterol and no sodium.

Scientific Name: ARMENIACA VULGARIS

Family: Rosaceae

Common name: Apricot tree

PLUM TREE

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Plums have more sugar than many other fruits, carbonphosphate salts, sodium and vitamins. They are considered as a healthy food that regulates intestinal function. Plums are recommended against renal disease, aimmorroides, heart disease, atherosclerosis etc.

Scientific name: PRUNUS SATIVA

Family: Caryophyllaceae

Common name: Plum tree

QUINCE TREE

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Quince contains high values of vitamin C. The quince juice is delicious and consumed by children, as it contains no alcohol. Quinces are mainly used in pastry : ​​jams, quince paste etc. The term “marmalade” originally meant quince jam and came from the Portuguese word marmelo, meaning ‘quince’. The raw quince is used as a herb against diarrhea and its seeds have expectorant and emollient properties .

Cold quince leaf beverage is used for the treatment of insomnia . It prevents anemia , pancreatitis , hypertension ,is used as a diuretic and has astringent and antiseptic properties. It is also used in the treatment of cardiovascular problems and in the treatment of liver diseases .

Scientific name: PYRUS CYDONIA

Family: Rosaceae

Common name: Quince tree

NECTARINE TREE

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Nectarines are rich in fiber, contain adequate amounts of potassium, provitamin A, relatively few calories and have high saturation. They stimulate the activity of the kidneys and help the digestive process. A mid sized nectarine gives us 50 kcal which is the 10% of the daily requirement of vitamin C and 50% of the daily needs in provitamin A (the Yellow flesh).

Scientific name: PRUNUS PERSICA NECTARINA

Family: Rosaceae

Common name: Nectarine tree

LOQUAT TREE

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The loquats have greater amounts of calcium than other fruits. They are rich in vitamin C and contain organic acids, sugars and fiber that make them beneficial for those with intestinal disorders. Potassium, magnesium, selenium, potassium, phosphorus and carotenes are some of the nutrients recommended for those with intense physical activity so as to recover the body’s lost substances. The loquats contain all these nutrients and therefore their consumption is ideal for restoring the body after intense effort.

Scientific name: ERIOBOTRYA JAPONICA

Family: Rosaceae

Common name: Loquat tree

Cultivation techniques

-Soil Analysis
It is very important to know the soil’s texture, the soil’s pH value, and the residues of additives (nitrates, pesticides) from previous or adjacent cultivations, in order to have the best possible results in the production. A balanced soil contributes to the normal plant growth.

-Plantation
Planting Figures
• Figure in lines (palmette crops)
• Figure in blocks
• Figure in diamond shape

cultivation1

Planting distances between trees:

-Peach tree: 4-5m
-Cherry tree: 5-6m
-Apple tree: 5-6m
-Plum tree: 5-6m
-Quince tree: 5-6m
-Pear tree: 5-6m
-Loquat tree: 5-6m
-Apricot tree:4-5m
-Nectarine tree: 4-5m