Almond

amugdala

Scientific Name :Prunus Amygdalus

Family: Rosaceae

Common Name: Almond

Nutritional Information

One serving (about 20 almonds) is an excellent source of vitamin E and magnesium and a good source of protein and fibers. They offer potassium, phosphorus, iron, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat acids and have low levels of saturated fat and no cholesterol. It is also very good source of calcium.Vitamin E:It has significant antioxidant action, protecting our body from many degenerative diseases.
Magnesium and potassium:They help reduce blood pressure. Eating a small amount of unsalted nuts can positively affect hypertension.
Protein: It is a structural component of muscles, hair and nails.
Fibers: They are important for the regulation of lipid and glucose absorption in the blood, as well as the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal system.

Calcium and phosphorus: They contribute to maintain healthy and strong bones and prevent osteoporosis.
Iron:It is necessary for synthesis of hemoglobin (red blood cell component). Almonds contain iron with low absorption.
Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat acids:They are healthy fats that help reduce blood lipids ,if they replace saturated fat.

almond_tabe _english

Cultivation

The almond tree grows and is cultivated in warm climates mainly because it flowers in early spring. Its efficiency is affected by frosts and special attention should be given by using the appropriate varieties. It grows in a variety of soils and withstands drought and calcium. Higher yield can be succeeded when cultivated in fertile, light, loamy, well-drained soils with ph values 6-6,9. A 10 year old almond cultivation can produce 5-15 kg crumb per tree, so with 30 trees per acre, a production of 150 – 450 kg crumb per acre can be achieved.
Before the planting of trees, soil preparation is required with deep plowing and fertilization based on the needs of the field (Nitrogen (N), potassium (K), Boron (B) and Zinc (Zn)). The distances between the trees varies depending on whether the trees in our area tend to grow enough or not. After the planting lacing is required on poles that are placed next to the root (not in the root) and in depth of 30 cm.
The world production of almonds reaches 1.1 million tonnes while for Greece is the main cultivated nut with a production of approximately 30,000 tons (data from 2012).
The advantages of almond is the growing demand in the market, the resilience of the disease and the steady income the producer receives.

Almond Varieties:

  • Texas
  • Ferragnes
  • Ferraduel
  • Tuono