Chestnut

kastano

Scientific Name: Castanea sativa

Family: Fagaceae

Common name: Chestnut

Health Benefits

The chestnut is a nut rich in nutrients (starch, sugars, protein, fat and fibers), minerals and vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, C, whereas is a food with sufficiently high caloric value without cholesterol (189 calories / 100 g). Fresh chestnuts contain 50% water, 45% carbohydrates and 5% vegetable oil. They can be eaten grilled or boiled, used in pastries and in cooking in various recipes. It is noted that vitamin C is heat-resistant and therefore is not degraded during the cooking or roasting of chestnuts.
It is important that chestnuts in Pediatrics recommended for the treatment of gastroenteritis and abdominal abnormalities in infants and children because they are gluten-free food. Chestnuts contain high amount of fibers and ,unlike other nuts, they contain a ver low level of fat.   In boiled chestnuts it is observed increase in water content, but the protein is reduced, while increasing the fat content. In contrast,in roasted chestnuts, the protein seems to increase, and so are insoluble and soluble fibers, while the available sugars can increase by 25%, resulting the energy level to be increased significantly. The chestnut honey is also beneficial for health.  It is dark colored and has a very strong flavor and unique aroma. Beekeepers encourage bees to nectar and pollen grazing chestnut because it extends the life of the bees and achieve empowerment of their population.   In Italy, chestnut honey is used for coating chronic wounds, burns and skin ulcers because of its antibacterial action. The chestnut is not only anut of high nutritional value, but is also extremely beneficial for human health.

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Cultivation

The chestnut tree thrives in a climate slightly cold and wet, at an altitude of 300-900 m in the cold continental regions. It is very demanding in water and thrives better in sunny and inclined locations. The soil must necessarily be acidic to neutral (ph = 4,5-6,5) and nearly free of calcium.

The cultivation requires soil preparation, which is plowed to a depth of 30-40 The most common planting systems are equilateral triangles, rectangles or lines.The planting distances vary depending on the species. 15 trees are placed per acre.