Walnut

karudi

Scientific name: Juglans Regia

Family: Juglandaceae

Common name: Walnut

Health Benefits

It is rich in fiber, minerals (magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, copper) and vitamins such as B6 and E.
In the list of benefits their antioxidant activity is added, since nuts are rich in plant sterols and contain high amounts of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and omega-3 ( great benefit for the bones, enhance brain functions) and omega-6 fat acids.
Although consuming walnuts has great benefits to the human body the daily consumption should not exceed 2 servings(60gr) since 1 serving(30gr) of walnuts contains 200kcal.

Against Insomnia
Melatonin contained in walnuts appears to increase concentrations of this hormone in the blood, resulting in better quality sleep.

Contributes against kidney stone
The consumption of foods rich in magnesium, such as walnuts, protects against gallstones. Research conducted by the University of Kentucky («American Journal of Epidemiology») showed that men who consumed 5 or more times a week such foods had about 30% lower risk of developing gallstones. A similar research regarding women, concluded that frequent nut consumption reduces the risk of cholecystectomy.

Protects the arteries and heart
The consumption of walnuts seem to offer greater protection to arteries, compared with olive oil according to research published in «Journal of the American College of Cardiology». Furthermore, arginine containing in walnuts increases the production of nitric acid, which helps to maintain the flexibility of the arteries, reducing the probability of developing clots. This results in reducing the risk of a stroke and myocardial infarction.

Against Cancer

Walnuts contain the substance IPP, which appears to contribute to the prevention of cancer. This substance suppresses the action of an enzyme involved in the formation of cancers (eg lung and ovarian cancer), and has the dual capacity to destroy tumors and enhances the effects of chemotherapy drugs, used against these forms cancer. Indeed, contrary to these drugs, the IPP substance is not toxic.

walnut_table_english

Cultivation

It is cultivated in a wide variety of climate conditions, but yields in areas with cool, moist climate. It thrives even in poor soils and soils with ph values 5,5-5,9 because of its rich root system. The production is about 250 kg /acre in nuts or 110 kg /acre in crumb.