Cranberry

krano

Scientific Name: Cornus Cornales

Family: Cornaceae

Common Name: Cranberry

General Description

The tree is known by the time of Omiros as “kraneia”. According to Theophrastus, the cornel wood is very hard and was used to make spears, bows and clubs. According to Pausanias, the ancient Greeks built the Trojan Horse with cornel wood.The Macedonian spears, known as “sarissa”, were also made from the same wood. In ancient times, the fruits of cornel were used for medical purposes.

It is the most important specie of the 50 species of the Cornaceae family (Hordin and Murrell 1998).
It is a native tree, known since ancient times for its brilliant red fruits which were used for pharmaceutic purposes, and can be eaten fresh or even in jams and beverages

Health Benefits

Cranberry contains high levels of flavonoids, anthocyanin (during ripening) and vitamin C. It is also very rich in carotene, pectin and tannins. In other laboratory tests, cranberry was found to contain high levels of iron (Fe).
Due to the tannins contained, it also has astringent properties, and because of the contained pectin, it regulates the digestive system. The fruit’s astringency was well known since ancient times.

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Health Benefits

Contains flavonoids, anthocyanins, and phenolic antioxidants strongly derivatives.

It has astringent properties and it regulates the digestive system.

It is used against heart disease, abdominal pains, period pains, stomach and intestinal disorders, as a digestive, against diarrhea, during pregnancy, as a tonic during working hours and after sports activities.

Cultivation techniques

It is a resistant cultivation which thrives in almost all types of soils and at all temperatures, even at extremely low degrees. It does not need tedious work and it is rarely pruned. The ideal pH value of the soil is 6 to 6.9. No pesticides are used as the cultivation is organic. Cornel can be cultivated in abandoned fields, in hilly and mountainous areas (between 300 and 800 meters altitude).
It is propagated by seeds, grafts and offshoots. The fruiting starts after the 3rd year of planting and the full production can reach up to 1 ton per acre. Harvesting is done by spreading nets and vibration of the bracts.
It is the most impressive yellow-flowered shrub in January and February.
Although it is a plant of the temperate zone, it has found that clones of cornel can resist to at least -30 °C in January.

Varieties:

Jolico: produces delicious sweet and big fruits.
Pioneer: famous for their succulent, sweet and aromatic fruits, 35 mm in size