Effective Microorganisms (EM)
The mixture of Effective Microorganisms (EM) was discovered in 1968 by a Japanese professor at Ryukyu University in Okinawa, Dr. TERUO HIGA, as an alternative to the use of chemical substances in agriculture. EM are neither fertilizer nor disinfectant or antibiotic. It is not a medical product or genetically modified or pathogenic. The preparation of EM has been recognized as a biological product in European countries.
The Effective Microorganisms (EM), are a mixture of several beneficial microorganisms that exist free in nature. When they come into contact with organic material, excrete useful substances such as vitamins, organic acids, mineral chelating compounds and antioxidants. The product of EM consists of natural and non-genetically modified microorganisms. They are available in liquid solution consisting mainly of lactic acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria and several species of yeast.