Beetroot

pantzari

Scientific name: Beta vulgaris

Family: Chenopodiaceae

Common name: Beetroot

Description

The plant’s domestication is considered to have occurred on the second millennium BC in the Mediterranean region. Some subspecies of beetroot are located in the Mediterranean, the European Atlantic coast, from the Middle East to India and others in the north eastern Mediterranean region.

beetroot_table_english

Health Benefits

Protects from infections

Reduces risk of cancer

Enhances brain function

Enhances vision

Boosts the immune system

Fights constipation

Helps oral hygiene

 

Physical characteristics

Annual plant with small biological cycle
Dioecious
Tuberous root
The leaves are formed into a rosette and big red stalks are developed
Varieties: Aplastada de Egipto, Crosbys Egyptian, Detroit 2, Dragon, Faro, Larka, Libero, Loma, Red Cloud Thermi, On-farm production

Cultivation

Climate:

Ideal temperatures for plant growth are 10-18 °C
Longday conditions cause bud blooming

Soil:

Fertile, deeply working soil, sandy loam soil
Well drained soil
pH= 6,8
Sensitive to lack of Boron (B)
Demanding in Sodium (Na)

patzaria

Irrigation:

Limited needs for water
Extremely moist soil often causes plant diseases

Planting: Non Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) seed

Planting season: July-August, Frebruary-April

Outdoor planting distances:

Along line: 0,20-0,30 m
Between lines: 0,30 m

Fertilization and Hoeing:

Soil enrichment with natural products at planting
Addition of natural products when it’s necessary
Weed control and their incorporation so as to improve ventilation
Removal of the lower and old leaves because they are more vulnerable to diseases

Harvest and Storage

  Harvesting season: 1,5-2,5 months after planting
Production: 2-5 tn/ acre
Harvesting criterion: the root’s size
 Chilling at 0-1 οC and 95% R.H. for 10-14 days (with leaves), 4-6 months (roots)

Crop combination

Beans, cucumber, garlic, lettuce, onion, tomato, cabbage