Cucumber

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Scientific name:
Cucumis sativus l.

Family: Curcubitaceae

Common name: Cucumber

Description

The Cucumber is originally from India where it was cultivated 3.000 years ago. It was also known in Ancient Greece and the Romans. Then it was brought all over Europe.

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Health Benefits

Aids in digestion

Relieves gout and arthritis pain

Controls blood pressure

Anti-inflammatory benefits

Cures kidney diseases

Physical characteristics

Annual crawling or scramblig plant
The leaves are villous with no more than 5 lobes
Male and female flowers at the same plant
Lengthy cylindrical and green fruit
Varieties in Greece: kaliviotiko, Attikis, Ermis, Knossou, Pepinex, Titan, Sandra, Femina, Noval, Renova, lito and rea

Cultivation

Climate:
High temperatures
Sensitivity to low temperatures

Soil:
Fertile, deeply working soil, sandy loam soil
Well drained soil

Irrigation:
High water needs
Extremely moist soil diminish the cucumber’s marketable quality

Planting: Non Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) seed

Planting season: March

Outdoor planting distances:

Along line 0,40-0,50 m
Between lines 1,2-1,5 m

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Fertilization and Hoeing:

Soil enrichment with natural products at planting
Addition of natural products when it’s necessary
Weed control and their incorporation so as to improve ventilation
Removal of the lower and old leaves because they are more vulnerable to diseases

Harvest and Storage

Harvesting season: 3 months after planting
Production 2 tn/ acre
Harvesting criterion: fruit’s size

Crop combination

Corn, beans, peas, radish, sunflower, chicory, carrots, anise