Melon

peponi

Scientific name: Cucumis melo L.

Family: Curcubitaceae

Common name: Melon

Description

Melon comes from Asia and has many healing benefits. In ancient times it was used as a cosmetic.

melon_table_english

Health Benefits

Helps cure kidney disease and eczema

Maintains skin health

Protects against heart disease

Helps digestion

Gives energy

Anti-cancer properties

Physical characteristics

Annual plant
The sprouts grow long, crawling or climbing
The leaves are large without severe invaginations
The flowers are yellow
Depending on the variety the fruit has different color, size, flavor and shape
Varieties : Argous, Thrakis, Ananas, Supra, Citirex, Velos, Laviga

Cultivation

Climate:

High temperatures (18-32 ºC)
Sensitivity to 0-12 ºC temperatures
Short time of sunlight helps the growth of male flowers

Soil:

Fertile, deeply working soil, light soil
Well drained soil
pH= 6,0-7,0

Irrigation:

Resistance to drought
Extremely moist soil diminish the melon’s marketable quality

Planting: Non Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) seed

Planting season: March-May

Outdoor planting distances:

Along line: 1-1,20 m
Between lines: 1,5-2 m

Fertilization and Hoeing:

Soil enrichment with natural products at planting
Addition of natural products when it’s necessary
Weed control and their incorporation so as to improve ventilation
Removal of the lower and old leaves because they are more vulnerable to diseases

Harvest and Storage

Harvesting season: 3-5 months after planting
Production: 3-8 tn/acre
Harvesting criteria: concentration of sugars > 9% and fruit’s color
Chiling at 3-7 ºC and 90-95% R.H.

Crop combination

  Celery, watermelon, pumpkin