Pumpkin

kolokithi


Scientific name
: Curcubita L.

Family: Curcubitaceae

Common name: Pumpkin

Description

Pumpkin was cultivated in the Andes and Central America. It’s a very important source of human food. Some species were brought to Europe after the discovery of America.

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Health Benefits

Contains large amount of carotenoids

Anti –inflammatory benefits

Helps skin health

Diuretic action

Fights depression

Physical characteristics

Annual or multiannual plant
Crawling, green, cylindrical, rugged, large lengthy buds
Large, wide leaves with long stalks
The flowers are yellow and large
The squash may be orbicular or cylindrical and lenghty
Varieties: Cucurbita argyrosperma, C. ficifolia, C. maxima, C. moschata, C. pepo.

Cultivation

Climate:

Minimum growth temperatures: 10-12 ºC
Sensitivity to low temperatures

Soil:

Fertile, deeply working soil, sandy loam soil
Well drained soil
pH= 5,5 – 6,8

Irrigation:

Water needs (500-900 mm)

Planting: Non Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) seed

Planting season:: March

Outdoor planting distances:

Along line 0,75-1,50 m
Between lines 2-2,5 m

kolokutha

Fertilization and Hoeing:

Soil enrichment with natural products at planting
Addition of natural products when it’s necessary
Weed control and their incorporation so as to improve ventilation
Removal of the lower and old leaves because they are more vulnerable to diseases

Harvest and Storage

Harvesting season: 2-3 months after planting
Production 3-8 tn/ acre
Harvesting criterion: squashes size
Conservation at 7-10 °C and 95% R.H. for 7 days
Sensitivity to very low temperatures

Crop combination

Corn, melon, raddish, oregano