Red Sweet Pepper

kokkini piperia


Scientific name:
Capsicum annuum

Family: Solanaceae

Common name: Pepper

Description

Pepper comes from Mexico and Peru. In Europe it came in the 16th century. It is angiosperm plant with two cotyledons. It is an herbaceous plant. There are 50 species of pepper all over the world but only 5 have commercial significance.

red_sweet_pepper_table_english

Health Benefits

Anti-inflammatory properties

Protective role in certain types of cancers

Boosts brain function

Protects the eyes from cataracts and helps preserve eyesight

Boosts the immune system

Physical characteristics

• Annual plant
• Height = 50-75 cm
• Small light green leaves
• The stems are tender and then they become ligneous
• The flowers are white. They are grown individually in groups of 2 or 3
• Varieties: 50, only 5 for trade (caspicum annuum L., capsicum frutescens, capsicum chinense J, capsicum baccatum var pendulum, capsicum pubenscens R & P.)

Cultivation

Climate:

Ideal temperatures for plant growth are 14–32 ºC
Very low or very high temperatures cause deforms
  Warm climatic conditions

Soil:

Fertile, deeply working soil, sandy loam and clay loam soil
Well drained soil with good moisture level
pH= 6,0-6,8

Irrigation:

Moist soil but extremely moist soil often causes plant diseases
Water needs are 500-800 mm

Planting:Non Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) seed

Planting season:March

Outdoor planting distances:

Along line 0,30-0,40 m
Between lines 0,70-0,80 m

Fertilization and Hoeing:

Soil enrichment with natural products at planting
Addition of natural products when it’s necessary
Weed control and their incorporation so as to improve ventilation
Removal of the lower and old leaves because they are more vulnerable to diseases

Harvest and Storage


Harvesting season: 3-4 months after planting
Production 1,5-5 tn/ acre
Harvesting criterion: pepper’s color and pepper’s size

Crop combination

Onion, carrot, strawberry, tomato, cabbage, celery, mint