Tomato

tomata

Scientific name: Solanum Lycopersicum

Family: Solanaceae

Common name: Tomato

Description

Tomato is a plant native to Central and South America, from Mexico to Peru. It lives only a few years but it is grown as an annual plant with small biological cycle.

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Health Benefits

Contains a large amount of vitamins A and C which act as antioxidants and neutralize harmful free radicals that cause cell damage

Lycopene helps reduce chances of prostate cancer in men , cancer of the stomach and colon cancer

Helps diabetics to keep under control the sugar level in the blood

Contains acids that help fight carcinogens bearing cigarette smoke

Helps reduce blood pressure and high cholesterol levels

Reduces the risk of kidney stones

Maintains hair and skin shiny and strengthens the teeth and bones

Physical characteristics

Perennial plant which is grown as an annual plant
Height = 1- 3 m
Root’s depth = 75 cm
Leaves’ length is 10-25 cm, compound leaves consisted of 5-9 smaller leaves each, smaller leaves’ length is 8 cm
Varieties: About 1200

Cultivation

Climate:

Warm climatic conditions
Ideal temperatures for plant growth are 18–30 οC
Cold weather through diversification causes deforms

Soil:

Fertile, deeply working soil, sandy loam and clay loam soil
Well drained soil with good moisture level
pH= 6,0-6,5

Irrigation:

Moist soil but extremely moist soil often causes plant diseases
Water needs are 800-900 mm

Planting: Non Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) seed

Planting season: February

Outdoor planting distances:

Along line: 0,60-0,90 m
Between lines: 0,90-1,2 m

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Fertilization and Hoeing:

Soil enrichment with natural products at planting
Addition of natural products when it’s necessary
Weed control and their incorporation so as to improve ventilation
Removal of the lower and old leaves because they are more vulnerable to diseases

Harvest and Storage

Harvesting season: 3-4 months after planting
Production: 6-8 tn/ acre
Harvesting criteria: fruit’s color , mechanically or manually
Chilling at 12-13 ºC and 95% R.H. for 7 days average
Sensitivity to 0-12 οC temperatures

Crop combination

Garlic, onion, parsley, carrot, nettle, basil, mint, lemongrass